Skip to main content

edited by AIFA’s Office of Osmed and HTA

Glossary

l
LENGTH OF STAY (LOS)
The number of days an individual stays in a hospital or in-patient facility. The average length of stay (ALOS) is computed by dividing the number of hospital days (or bed-days or in-patient days) from the date of admission in an in-patient institution (date of discharge minus date of admission) by the number of discharges (including deaths) during the year. [Source: EUROSTAT. Definitions and data collection specifications on health care statistics (non-expenditure data)]
LIFE EXPECTANCY
A statistical abstraction based on existing age-specific death rates. The average number of years an individual of age x is expected to live if current mortality rates continue to apply. Disability-free life expectancy: It is the number of healthy years of life that can be expected on average in a given population. It is generally calculated at birth, but estimates can also be prepared at other ages. It adjusts the expectation of years of life for the loss on account of disability, using explicit weights for different health states. [Source: European Health Expectancy Monitoring Unit. Glossary and WHO. A Glossary of Terms for Community Health Care and Services for Older Persons]
LINE-ITEM BUDGETING
A general term used to describe a relatively unsystematic budgetary chart of accounts. In addition to standard votes or “lines” for items such as “salaries and wages,” separate lines for new requirements are introduced as they arise, thus giving rise to lengthy, ad hoc forms for appropriating and accounting for spending. [Source: OECD. Glossary of Statistical Terms]
LIST PRICE
The prices that purchasers display as the prices at which they are prepared to sell their products and/or regulated by legislation. The prices of products as quoted in the purchaser’s price list, catalogue, internet site, advertisements, in a national price list/formulary etc. They are not necessarily actual transaction prices. Depending on the country and/or the product, they may or may not include delivery and installation costs, VAT and other indirect taxes on products, discounts, surcharges and rebates, invoiced service charges and voluntary gratuities. Certain pharmaceutical transactions, such as setting payment rates to pharmacies, may be based on list prices. Also referred to as “Offer price”. [Source: EUROSTAT-OECD. Methodological manual on purchasing power parities (PPPs)]
LONG TERM CARE (LTC, LONG TERM AGED CARE)
A range of health care, personal care and social services provided to individuals who, due to frailty or level of physical or intellectual disability, are no longer able to live independently. Services may be for varying periods of time and may be provided in a person’s home, in the community or in residential facilities (e.g. nursing homes or assisted living facilities). These people have relatively stable medical conditions and are unlikely to greatly improve their level of functioning through medical intervention. [Source: WHO. A Glossary of Terms for Community Health Care and Services for Older Persons]
LONG TERM CARE BEDS IN HOSPITAL
Hospital beds accommodating patients requiring long term care due to chronic impairments and a reduced degree of independence in activities of daily living. They include: Beds in long term care departments of general hospitals, beds for long term care in specialty (other than mental health and substance abuse) hospitals, beds for palliative care. They don’t include: beds in mental health and substance abuse hospitals, beds for rehabilitation. [Source: EUROSTAT. Definitions and data collection specifications on health care statistics (non-expenditure data)]
LONG TERM CARE BEDS IN NURSING AND RESIDENTIAL CARE FACILITIES
Beds, dedicated to long term nursing care or used for palliative care, for people requiring ongoing health and nursing care due to chronic impairments and a reduced degree of independence in activities of daily living (ADL). Can be divided in: Beds in nursing and residential care facilities when the establishments are primarily engaged in providing residential care combined with either nursing, supervision or other types of care as required by the residents. Beds in nursing care facilities when the establishments are primarily engaged in providing in-patient nursing and rehabilitative services. In both cases the care provided can be a mix of health and social services. [Source: EUROSTAT. Definitions and data collection specifications on health care statistics (non-expenditure data)]
Skip to main content Skip to the top of the page