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edited by AIFA’s Office of Osmed and HTA

Glossary


HOSPITAL
Licensed establishment primarily engaged in providing medical, diagnostic, and treatment services that include physician, nursing, and other health services to in-patients and the specialised accommodation services required by in-patients. Hospital provides in-patient health services, many of which can only be provided using the specialised facilities and equipment that form a significant and integral part of the production process. In some countries, health facilities need in addition a minimum size (such as number of beds) in order to be registered as a hospital. Hospital may also provide out-patient services as a secondary activity. Hospitals can be classified in general hospitals, mental health and substance abuse hospitals and speciality (other than mental health and substance abuse) hospitals. A general hospital is a licensed establishments primarily engaged in providing diagnostic and medical treatment (both surgical and non-surgical) to in-patients with a wide variety of medical conditions. These establishments may provide other services, such as out-patient services, anatomical pathology services, diagnostic X-ray services, clinical laboratory services, operating room services for a variety of procedures, and pharmacy services. A mental health and substance abuse hospital is a licensed establishment primarily engaged in providing diagnostic and medical treatment, and monitoring services to in-patients who suffer from mental illness or substance abuse disorders. The treatment often requires an extended stay in an in-patient setting including hostelling and nutritional facilities. Psychiatric, psychological, and social work services are available at the facility. These hospitals usually provide other services, such as out-patient care, clinical laboratory tests, diagnostic X-rays, and electroencephalography services. A speciality hospital is a licensed establishment primarily engaged in providing diagnostic and medical treatment to in-patients with a specific type of disease or medical condition (other than mental health or substance abuse). Hospitals providing long term care for the chronically ill and hospitals providing rehabilitation, and related services to physically challenged or disabled people are included in this item. These hospitals may provide other services, such as out-patient services, diagnostic X-ray services, clinical laboratory services, operating room services, physical therapy services, educational and vocational services, and psychological and social work services. [Source: OECD. A System of Health Accounts]
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